We hear this question often from customers and landscape clients. There are many types of turf grasses on the
market, however they do not all fare well in our north Texas region. Here are our recommendations.
Types of turf grass that can be started from seed are:
- Common Bermuda can be seeded, or hydro-mulched, when the nighttime temperatures are 70-
degrees or more. Watering needs to be done three times a day for the first 21 days – morning, mid-day,
and evening – for it to germinate properly. Most customers don’t have that option due to watering
restrictions. Be aware that with this watering routine, not only will the Bermuda seed germinate,
everything else sprouts up as well. Bermuda needs full sun to be successful.
- Annual Rye seed does best when germinated in full winter or very early spring, as it will perish when
the temps get above 90-degrees. It can take sun or shade. This is a temporary grass that is usually
planted to hold the soil in place until something else is planted. Perennial Rye doesn’t last all year in our
area. Some clients like to over-seed their lawn with Rye so their grass is green in the winter months. Be
aware that this takes a lot of water, and again this is hard to do with water restrictions that may be in
- Fescue seed can be germinated similarly to Bermuda, however the best time to start Fescue is Spring
and Fall. It does better in the shade where it is cooler, as Fescue usually suffers when temps rise above 90
Turf grasses that are started with sod due to the
seed being sterile and needing to be
propagated vegetatively, include: Bermuda (all types), but to name a few:
- Common Bermuda is the most popular
because it can be mowed with a rotary
mower and is the only one that can also
be germinated from seed.
- Tifway 419 Bermuda needs to be
mowed at a lower level every 4-5 days
with a reel-mower.
- Tifton 328 Bermuda also needs to
mowed at a lower level (same as 419).
- U-3 Bermuda is the post popular and
used the most in the DFW area. It can be
mowed with a reel or rotor mower.
Zoysia [pronounced zoi-see-uh, -shuh] can
only be sodded. There are numerous
varieties of Zoysia. One of the many
attributes of this grass is that it performs
well in sun or shade. The three most
popular types for our area are:
- Palisades Zoysia looks just like
common Bermuda, and mowing it is the
- Emerald Zoysia is a fine bladed grass
and prefers a reel-mower.
- Toro Zoysia can be mowed with a reel
or rotary mower.
Once you’ve decided on the best type of turf
grass for your landscape, you’ll need to
prepare the soil for either seed or sod
Here are some general guidelines --
Scarify the area, filling the low areas and
removing the high areas. This can be done
with the native soil, however sometimes
adding a little sandy material is helpful for
consistency. Use a good dirt rake and rake
everything over ½” into a pile and remove.
When you’re finished laying sod, be sure to
roll it with a sod-roller.